MIGUEL MEDINAGetty Images
- The war in Ukraine, like all wars, has seen innovation and the rise of new weapon systems.
- The five-month-long war has elevated drones, rockets and electronic warfare to new masters of the battlefield.
- Weapons like the HIMARS rocket systems were primed and ready for conflict. Yet there is a gaping hole that new weapons can fill.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 demolished the expectations of military experts around the world. Some basic elements of warfare, such as tanks, fighter jets and howitzers, proved surprisingly vulnerable during the conflict, while rocket artillery, drones and anti-tank weapons exceeded their weight. Others, like lasers that could protect cities and weapons that focus on radio signals, are urgently needed but have yet to be developed.
War supercharges innovation; the life-and-death struggle between nations drives participants to adopt new technologies to enable new tactics and strategies. Battlefield experience quickly sorts out what works and what doesn’t – the former being quickly embraced and the latter just as eagerly abandoned. The invasion of Ukraine is no exception. Here are five weapons you’ll be seeing a lot more of in the near future.
Russia’s war has involved both ‘dumb’ unguided weapons and ‘smart’ precision guided weapons, in the form of mortars, howitzers, multiple rocket launchers and attack cruise missiles. earthly. Russia spends up to 60,000 artillery shells and rockets per day, raining destruction on military and civilian targets. Moscow used these weapons for military purposes and civil targets – and the latter is clearly a war crime under international law.
Historically, there has been little defense against artillery and aerial bombs other than the destruction of the launchers associated with them. In recent years, the WE and countries, such as Israel, focused on lasers as a means of protecting armies in the field. A laser, powered by a diesel generator, has virtually unlimited ammo and can quickly target and destroy multiple threats in seconds. Russia’s vicious attacks on cities and other civilian targets have shown that laser defenses have their place in protecting non-military targets as well.
A major advantage Russia had over Ukraine at the start of the war was its advantage in electronic warfare. Russia has long prioritized the ability to broadcast powerful jamming signals capable of interfering with an adversary’s radar, GPS and battlefield communications. A recent report credited Russian electronic warfare capabilities and their ability to jam Ukrainian military communications are weakening the country’s defenses. Russia also broadcasts its own radio signals, which include air defense radars, wireless drone control signals and wireless military communications, linking the entire Russian military campaign randomly.
Ukraine would benefit from the ability to detect and attack Russian systems emitting powerful electromagnetic signals. An anti-radiation missile (ARM) capable of targeting and then destroying enemy radars, communication trucks, jamming vehicles and other transmitters would be very useful, not only to allow Ukrainian forces to better coordinate, but also to make deaf and blind Russian forces. . Unfortunately, although this ability is available at higher levels, most notably in US Navy launched aircraft AARGM anti-radiation missile, it is clearly lacking at ground level. Expect to see weapons deployed by armies within five years.
Guided Rocket Artillery
The latest star in this conflict is the American-provided High Mobility Rocket Artillery System (HIMARS). HIMARS consists of a reloadable rocket launch system mounted on a medium truck chassis. HIMARS can quickly move to a firing position, release six precision guides GMLRS rockets with a range of 43 miles or more, and retreat to avoid enemy counter-battery fire. HIMARS far exceeds conventional tube artillery, including cannon artillery like the 2S19 Msta self-propelled howitzer.
Ukraine currently uses HIMARS for interdiction missiles, hitting high-value Russian targets behind enemy lines to deprive frontline troops of artillery supplies and support. At the end of July, Ukrainian HIMARS systems destroyed 50 Russian ammunition depots.
Traditional cannon artillery simply does not have the range to “outrun” enemy artillery, and currently there are no weapons, at least on the Russian side, that can shoot down GMLRS rockets. Few countries outside of NATO have precision-guided rockets, but the success of HIMARS + GMLRS means most countries will probably have them in a decade or less.
Small Battlefield Drones
The Russian-Ukrainian war is not the first war to use quadcopter drones for surveillance missions, but it will be the most famous war for them. The Ukrainian army, in particular, used small quadcopter dronesoften designed for the civilian market, to give ground troops the ability to check their surroundings and target enemy forces while minimizing risk. These drones allow units as small as platoon level (30-40 soldiers) to eliminate the element of surprise for any enemy force, especially those using armored vehicles.
A small, unobtrusive drone with modern digital optics and a secure data link can give even the smallest combat unit an unobstructed view of the battlefield and the ability to look a mile or more behind enemy lines . Ukraine’s experience with small battlefield drones means NATO armies, the People’s Liberation Army of China, the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force and the South Korean military will all adopt them from here. 2030.
According to New York TimesUkrainian helicopters carrying out dangerous missions in the city of Mariupol brought a supply of anti-tank weapons and a crucial non-weapon: a SpaceX Starlink satellite internet receiver. The receiver proved a lifeline for military and civilian forces trapped in the besieged Azovstal steelworks. The receiver, connected directly to the satellites above, allowed users to bypass war-damaged cell phone service and landline internet. Boosting civilian morale, it allowed the Ukrainian government to inform the world of the siege and act as a backup for Ukrainian military communications.
The US military faces a growing Internet bandwidth problem, largely due to its routing of as much secure military traffic as possible through as few satellites as possible. This makes the system vulnerable in wartime to even a few anti-satellite weapons. SpaceX, with its thousands of relay satellites, has created a less secure, but more resilient network. While Starlink may not be secure enough to handle sensitive military communications, it will almost certainly inspire a military-grade version down the road. This version will combine the security of existing military satellites with the coverage of Starlink, allowing it to survive the loss of dozens of satellites to enemy action.
This content is created and maintained by a third party, and uploaded to this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content on piano.io