The specialist indicated that this procedure prevents amputation in many cases.
Dr Vanessa Marcial, radiation oncologist at the Auxilio Mutuo Hospital Radiotherapy Center.
the Dr Vanessa Marcialradiation oncologist from the Radiotherapy Center of Auxilio Mutuo Hospital, explained that radiotherapy has evolved in a less and less invasive way and compared it to a surgical procedure, due to the precision of this type of treatment today. hui against cancerous tumors.
“The treatment we give is given with a high-intensity machine, which works like surgery without a knife and generally doesn’t affect other surrounding areas. Contrary to what many people think, it’s nuclear medicine, but it is not,” he explained.
He added that radiology professionals at Auxilio Mutuo Hospital have implemented strategies to minimize the impact of radiotherapy on sensitive organs close to the area where the rays are directed.
It is important to note that in high doses, radiotherapy destroys the cancer cells or it slows their growth, damaging their DNA. the cancer cells whose DNA is irreparably damaged stop dividing or die. When damaged cells die, they break down and are rejected by the body.
Radiation therapy does not immediately destroy cancer cells. Days or weeks of treatment are needed before the DNA is damaged enough for the cells to die. cancer cells. Then the cancer cells continue to die weeks or months after the end of radiation therapy.
Dr. Marcial said that thanks to the work of the radiotherapy center, they have been able to help several patients avoid amputations, “for example, in the case of breast cancer, women consider that the best option is to amputate, but it’s not always the case. “.
The doctor cited a study in which European researchers found that in a significant number of patients who did not remove their breasts, better results were found, we know there are exceptions, but that number of 13 000 patients.
The specialist indicated that this intervention is also intended for patients with cancer of the anus, lower rectum, where radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery are associated.
In this case, the types of radiotherapy are external beam and internal radiotherapy, and it all depends on the type of radiotherapy the patient may need depends on many factors, such as:
*The type of cancer
* The location of the tumor in the body
* How far is the tumor from normal radiation sensitive tissue
* Your general health and medical history
*If you will have other types of cancer treatment
*Other factors, such as your age and other medical conditions
He recalled that most types of radiation therapy do not reach all parts of the body, which means they are not useful for treating cancer that has spread to many places in the body.
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