Humans move closer to Mars and begin the colonization process, but can humans survive on Mars with all of its particle radiation?
A new paper was proposed by an international group of scientists who have explored this question. With Mars’ atmosphere being much thinner than that of Earth, human explorers will be subjected to high doses of radiation from particles from the Sun, distant galaxies, and stars. However, humans can endure this exposure to this radiation, but only for a while before it becomes too dangerous for the body.
According to the document, the maximum duration of the Mars explorers’ mission is not expected to exceed four years, as the astronaut will be exposed to dangerously high levels of radiation that could significantly reduce life expectancy. The researchers published the new study in Space Weather and found that most of the radiation astronauts would be exposed to during a four-year mission would come from celestial objects outside our solar system.
Additionally, the study recommends that future NASA astronaut missions to Mars be spaced much less than four years apart to keep astronauts healthy, and that human missions to Mars should be launched when Earth is away. its solar maximum, because solar particles from our Sun will block dangerous particles from distant galaxies and stars.
Yuri Shprits, research geophysicist at UCLA and co-author of the article, said: “This study shows that although space radiation imposes strict limits on the heaviness of the spacecraft and the time of launch, and presents technological difficulties for human missions to Mars, such a mission is viable.“
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