Home Electromagnetic Vikrant vs Fujian – How does Indian Navy’s 2nd aircraft carrier compete with Chinese PLA Navy’s Type 003 aircraft carrier?

Vikrant vs Fujian – How does Indian Navy’s 2nd aircraft carrier compete with Chinese PLA Navy’s Type 003 aircraft carrier?


The Indian aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, completed the fourth phase of sea trials on July 10, which involved integrated testing of major equipment and systems on board, including some of the equipment in the aviation facilities complex, the navy said. Indian.

The ship is expected to be delivered at the end of July, after which it could be commissioned on August 15, coinciding with the 75th anniversary of India’s independence.

“Indigenous aircraft carrier Vikrant has completed the 4th phase of sea trials of major equipment and systems, including key aviation equipment undertaken with further performance improvement, in preparation for the delivery of the largest indigenous warship to Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav,” the Navy said in a statement. Tweeter.

The Navy has also released images of the new aircraft carrier, one of which shows INS Vikrant from a distance and the other shows a Naval Dhruv helicopter hovering above the flight deck. A MiG-29K fighter jet and a Kamov Ka-31 helicopter are also parked on the flight deck.

Designed by the Indian Navy’s Naval Design Directorate (DND), the Vikrant was built by state-owned Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) with 76% indigenous content, putting India in an elite club countries – USA, UK, Russia. , France and China – which can build aircraft carriers.

INS Vikrant (Indian Navy/via Twitter)

“The Indian Navy and Cochin Shipyard Ltd’s indigenous design and construction of an aircraft carrier is a shining example in the nation’s quest for ‘AatmaNirbhar Bharat’ and ‘Make in India Initiative’ with over 76% content native,” the Navy said. in a press release.

INS Vikrant’s first sea trials were completed in August 2021, after which the second and third phases of sea trials took place in October 2021 and January 2022, respectively.

During these three test phases, endurance tests were carried out on the propulsion machinery, electrical and electronic assemblies, deck machinery, life-saving appliances and the vessel’s navigation and communication systems.

Indian Vikrant vs Chinese Fujian

The arrival of INS Vikrant marks a significant increase in the Indian Navy’s power projection capabilities amid growing tensions with China and increasing incursions by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy from China in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

With two aircraft carriers in the fleet, even if one leaves for maintenance, the other will remain functional. In addition, the Indian Navy wishes to acquire a third aircraft carrier.

On the other hand, China also launched its aircraft carrier Fujian or Type 003 on June 17. Named after the Chinese province of Fujian, the Type 003 is China’s third aircraft carrier and the first with an all-indigenous design.

Experts suggest that Fujian is likely to be used to project Chinese power into the South China Sea (SCS) and Indian Ocean.

So far, China is not known to have released the detailed specifications of the Fujian, except that it has a displacement of over 80,000 tons, more than double the displacement capacity of 37,500 to 40,000 tons of the Vikrant.

Fujian is technically more advanced than other Chinese carriers

Also, the Fujian is perhaps the largest non-US aircraft carrier in the world, with a length of about 320 meters and a width of about 73 meters, based on satellite images.

INS Vikrant is only 262 meters long with a beam of 62 meters and a height of 59 meters. It has 14 decks, five of which are in the superstructure and 2,300 compartments, and it can accommodate a crew of 1,700, including special cabins for female officers.

Based on ski jump ramp technology, Vikrant can operate short takeoff but stopped landing (STOBAR) aircraft with two takeoff runways and one landing runway with three arresting wires.

Initially, Vikrant will operate approximately 24 Russian-made MiG-29K fighter jets also deployed at INS Vikramaditya. However, the Indian Navy is also buying a fleet of deck-based fighter jets, for which it has shortlisted Boeing’s F/A-18E Super Hornet and Dassault Aviation’s Rafale-M (Marine).

Dhruv helicopter hovering above the flight deck of INS Vikrant (Indian Navy/via Twitter)

In addition, the warship will also operate Kamov-31 helicopters, MH-60R multi-role helicopters and other locally built advanced light helicopters.

While Fujian has a much more advanced system for launching its aircraft, the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launching System (EMALS) allows the carrier to launch a wider range of aircraft.

The ski jump ramp on a carrier flight deck allows an aircraft to take off from a runway that is shorter than its required takeoff run but still powered by its power.

On the other hand, EMALS uses powerful magnetic fields generated by electromagnetic induction motors that power the catapults to propel the aircraft, much like the steam-powered catapults used in CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery) technology. ).

Compared to the ski jump ramp used by Vikrant, Fujian’s electromagnetic catapults can propel heavier aircraft at much faster speeds, allowing them to launch combat aircraft loaded with more ammo.

EMALS can also launch drones and large transport aircraft which are better than transport helicopters on aircraft carriers in terms of range, speed and cargo capacity.

Additionally, electromagnetic catapults can launch large reconnaissance aircraft equipped with Airborne Warning and Control Systems (AWACS), increasing the range at which adversaries can be detected in advance.

Fujian will operate the J-15T, a catapulted version of the J-15B that flies from STOBAR ski jumps aboard the Type 001 “Liaoning” and Type 002 “Shandong” aircraft carriers.

The photo of what is believed to be the latest variant of China’s J-15 carrier-based fighter jet. (via Twitter)

The J-15 Flying Shark is inspired by the Russian Sukhoi Su-33. It is currently the only carrier-based fighter in service with the PLA Navy, with the FC-31 ‘Gyrfalcon’ being tested and awaiting serial production.

Additionally, as previously reported by EurAsian Times, Fujian may eventually get an Electronic Warfare (EW) variant of the J-15, as will the US Navy’s EA-18 Growler EW aircraft based on the F/A- 18 Super Hornets; a next-generation stealth fighter believed to be the J-35; a fixed-wing early warning aircraft dubbed the KJ-600; armed reconnaissance drones and the Y-7 transport aircraft.